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Common Causes Of Truck Accidents And How A Lawyer Can Prove Them

Truck accidents can have devastating consequences due to the sheer size and weight of these vehicles. Understanding the common causes of truck accidents and how a lawyer can prove them is essential for victims seeking compensation. Here’s an in-depth look at some prevalent causes and the role of a lawyer in establishing liability.

  1. Driver Fatigue
    • Truck drivers often work long hours, sometimes exceeding legal limits. Fatigue impairs reaction times and decision-making abilities, increasing the risk of accidents. Federal regulations, such as the Hours of Service (HOS) rules, are designed to mitigate this risk, but they are not always followed.
  2. Distracted Driving
    • Distractions, including cell phone use, eating, or adjusting in-cab controls, can lead to catastrophic accidents. Even a momentary lapse in attention can have severe consequences.
  3. Impaired Driving
    • Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, including prescription medications, can severely impair a driver’s abilities. Impaired driving remains a significant cause of truck accidents.
  4. Speeding and Reckless Driving
    • Speeding and aggressive driving behaviors, such as tailgating or unsafe lane changes, are common in the trucking industry. These behaviors greatly increase the likelihood of an accident.
  5. Improperly Loaded Cargo
    • Overloaded or improperly secured cargo can cause a truck to become unstable, leading to accidents. Shifting loads can make it difficult for the driver to maintain control, especially during sudden maneuvers.
  6. Poor Vehicle Maintenance
    • Trucks require regular maintenance to ensure they are safe to operate. Brake failures, tire blowouts, and other mechanical issues can result from inadequate maintenance.

How A Lawyer Can Prove The Causes

  1. Gathering Evidence
    • A skilled truck accident lawyer will collect various forms of evidence to build a strong case. This includes police reports, witness statements, and photographs of the accident scene. In truck accident cases, obtaining the truck’s electronic logging device (ELD) data, which records driving hours, is crucial for proving violations of HOS regulations.
  2. Analyzing Driver Logs and Records
    • Lawyers examine driver logs, maintenance records, and inspection reports to identify any discrepancies or violations. For instance, if driver logs show that the driver exceeded the legal driving hours, it can be a strong indication of fatigue.
  3. Expert Testimony
    • Accident reconstruction experts can provide valuable insights into how the accident occurred. They analyze the evidence and create simulations to demonstrate the sequence of events leading to the crash. Additionally, medical experts can testify about the impact of fatigue, impairment, or distraction on the driver’s abilities.
  4. Obtaining Surveillance Footage
    • Traffic cameras, dash cams, and nearby surveillance cameras can provide visual evidence of the accident. Footage showing reckless driving behaviors or the moments leading up to the crash can be pivotal.
  5. Reviewing Company Policies
    • Lawyers investigate the trucking company’s policies and practices. If the company has a history of pushing drivers to violate HOS regulations or neglecting vehicle maintenance, this information can be used to establish a pattern of negligence.


Proving the causes of truck accidents requires a meticulous approach and a deep understanding of both legal and technical aspects. A competent truck accident lawyer from Burton Law Firm plays a vital role in collecting evidence, analyzing records, and leveraging expert testimony to build a compelling case. By demonstrating the causes of the accident, they can help victims secure the compensation they deserve, covering medical expenses, lost wages, and other damages.